Public
Authored by Olivia Francis

Answer

  1. In the conversation, Thrasymachus defines justice as the advantage of the stronger. However, the definition is eventually rejected by Socrates. Although he agrees that justice is advantageous, he refutes the argument in that it could always be for the benefit of the stronger.
  2. In the dialogue, the main difference appears to lie in the idea that the life of an unjust individual would be better in comparison to that of a just person. Thrasymachus insinuates the notion, but Socrates rejects it.
  3. According to Thrasymachus, both rulers and shepherds pursue their interests as the stronger ones through their discretion. On the other hand, Socrates believes that shepherds pay attention to the well-being of their animals, while rulers do the same in regards to their belongings.
  4. From the conversation, it can be inferred that the proper natural function of the soul includes living, reasoning, ruling, and managing the body.
  5. Glaucon distinguishes three kinds of goods. First, he talks of the goods that people welcome for their sake, and not because of what comes from them. Second, he describes goods that individuals welcome both for their sake as well as for the reason what may come from them. Third, he contemplates goods that are tedious, though beneficial. Further, he describes them as those that people do not choose for their sake, but for the rewards derived from them. Among the three, Socrates believes that Justice refers to the goods that people value for their sake as well as for the rewards that come from them. However, most people tend to agree with those that people do not choose but like them for what they can derive from them.
  6. The ring of Gyges had the powers to make the wearer invisible when its setting turned towards him. The illustration was meant to prove that injustice was always considered more beneficial than justice was. The only reason people avoided prejudice was because they could not do it with impunity. Reading Two
  7. According to Socrates, the city should be ruled by those who are older but not younger. Again, he indicates that the leaders of the city should be the best of dwellers. Further, he argues that such individuals ought to be capable, knowledgeable, and caring about the town.
  8. Socrates tells the myth of metals, where the earth delivers young Athenians to the land where they could protect her. The youths have three different materials, which vary in their worth. It means some are more precious than others, for example, gold, silver, and brass. However, their children could be born to any metal regardless of that of their parents. Socrates had told the myth to teach the revered authority about the inequalities of the three classes. Further, it was meant to show that all people were sisters and brothers who were born from earth.
  9. Wisdom lies with the guardians. It comprises the knowledge about the manner in which the city ought to get governed.
  10. The city's courage rests with the auxiliaries, or warriors. The courage should consist of the willpower to fight on behalf of the city.
  11. Moderation, on the other hand, should be on all cities' classes. The temperance focuses on who ought to be ruled and who ought to be the ruler.
  12. The city's justice lies within all classes. It entails all classes performing their roles and responsibilities.
  13. Yes, both the city and the soul draw parallels between their virtues.
  14. The four virtues will be found in rational soul, appetitive soul, and spirited soul. The qualities were to consist of intellect, desire, and volition.
  15. No, it is not worth living with an unjust soul, because such life is most likely to end in a futile manner. About author Olivia works as an author and she is working with essays on tv now .Olivia likes to develop her skills in professional writing. She works on creative orders, often updating her knowledge in various fields. He spends his weekends with friends at thematic conferences and trainings. All customers are satisfied with such a profitable cooperation.
Answer 6 Bytes
Markdown is supported
0% or
You are about to add 0 people to the discussion. Proceed with caution.
Finish editing this message first!
Please register or to comment